Most of the time, the melanoma develops on the skin to exacerbate into malicious growths. It is usually seen on the skin surface, which if detected early, can be treated before metastasizing. Check-up needs to be conducted if there is an unusual discoloration or growths on the existing moles on the skin. Make sure to consult your dermatologist or primary care physician to discuss the growth and diagnose melanoma. When your body gives any such warning, it is time to head to the best doctor in town.
How Do the Normal Moles Appear?
Every flat or raised, evenly colored black, tan, or brown spots on the skin can be categorized as normal moles. They are usually less than 6 millimetres in size, which may keep growing from birth. Some of these marks also appear during young adulthood or childhood. Any new moles that appear at a later stage in life has to be checked. While some moles fade away, others will stay the same for your entire lifetime. Although almost all moles are harmless, you need to be cautious about the ones that develop unusually faster and have a varied shape, size, and color. Such signs could be suggesting the development of melanoma in your body. Here are some of the symptoms and signs of melanoma that need to be paid close attention to when occurring in large amounts.
Signs and Symptoms
As mentioned earlier, a new spot that keeps changing in shape, color, and size can be a warning sign of melanoma. Spots that look different from every other mark on your skin can also be considered as a serious sign of a looming melanoma. Have your skin checked if you have any such spots on your skin. An ABCDE rule exists to define the signs of melanoma, and it is an important list to check if you have suspicions.
- ‘A’ stands for ‘Asymmetry’, and it is the state in which one half of your birthmark or mole becomes less similar to the other half.
- ‘B’ stands for ‘Border’. Moles that have notched, blurred, ragged, or irregular edges come under this category.
- ‘C’ is for ‘Color’. In this condition, the color of the skin may have different shades of black or brown, and in some cases, patches of red, blue, white, or pink also appear.
- ‘D’ is for ‘Diameter’. Although melanomas can be of different sizes, this symptom is categorized as the spot that is larger than 6 millimetres.
- ‘E’ stands for ‘Evolving’. This is the most apparent sign of melanoma in a human body. Color, size, and shape of the mole keep changing through different stages of development.
Since some melanomas may not conform to these rules, you need to have a list of other signs that are likely to hint you about the development.
- Any sores that do not heal
- Surrounding skin of a spot being pigmented due to the spread
- New swelling or redness at the border of the mole
Pain, tenderness, or itchiness over the surface of the mole